Machines - Flight

INCLINOMETER


Codex Atlanticus f. 1058 r.

Dimension: CM. 60 X 60 X 116

Description: Placing a pendulum inside a glass bell, “ this ball... shall make you control the device (the flying machine) straight or sideways, as you may wish, that is if you want to go straight, make sure the ball is in the centre of the circle“.

BRUSH ANEMOMETER


Codex Atlanticus f. 675

Dimension: CM. 60 X 60 X 121

Description: Anemometers measure wind speed. In this case, the wind causes a metal foil to move at a certain speed, which is measured on a graduated stick.

ANEMOMETER WITH BLADES (FUNNEL)


Codex Arundel f.241

Dimension: CM. 60 X 60 X 121

Description: This model with conical tubes was developed by Da Vinci in order to check that the wind pressure that makes the wheels turn is proportional to the opening of the cones through which the air flows, given the same force of the wind.

STUDY OF A UNITED WING


Codex Atlanticus f. 858 r.

Dimension: CM. 50 X 230 X 252

Description: This “united” wing, similar to bat wings, consists in a cloth stretched over a wood and reed framework.

FLAPPING WING


Manuscript B, f. 88 v.

Dimension: CM. 150 X 100 X 80

Description: Leonardo determined the dimensions of the wing by observing birds. According to his observations, the wing had to be 12 metres long and 12 metres large.

GLIDER


Codex Atlanticus f.846 v.

Dimension: CM. 800 X 220

Description: The wings, similar to those of large birds, are fixed to the centre of the craft, while the pilot commands the extremities by means of a cable.

VERTICAL ORNITHOPTER


Manuscript B f. 80 r.

Dimension: CM. 67 X 67 X 53

Description: This machine is made of wood, iron and linen. The pilot stands in the hull-like container and commands the wings with his/her hands, legs and head.

FLYING MACHINE


Codex Atlanticus f.824 v.

Dimension: CM. 180 X 80 X 170

Description: This machine resembles to the ornithopter, that is a flying machine with bird wings: a set of belts tie the pilot, supine, on a wooden surface. The pilot pushes the pedals with his feet, thus setting the wings in motion.

PARACHUTE


Cod. Atlanticus f. 1058 v.

Dimension: CM. 150 X 150 X 150

Description: Leonardo’s parachute consists in a pyramid-shaped 7x7 metres linen cloth. With this parachute anyone could jump from any height without risk.

AERIAL SCREW


Manuscript B, f. 83 v.

Dimension: CM. 120 X 120 X 150

Description: You can admire this miniature reproduction of one of the most famous projects born from Leonardo's genius. The model has been rebuilt observing the smallest details from the spring loaded by the push of four men, up to the flywheel that rendered the duration of the spin longer.

HANG GLIDING


Codex Madrid I f. 64 r.

Dimension: CM. 120 X 100 X 150

Description: Leonardo developed a machine for gliding flight that pilots can control by changing the centre of gravity moving only the upper part of their body.

DETAIL OF MECHANICAL WING


Manuscript B, f. 88 v.

Dimension: CM. 60 X 60 X 150

Description: This particular mechanism is taken from the drawing of the flapping wing and aims at increasing the curving degree of the wing.